Osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease -the most common type of arthritis is characterized by a breakdown of cartilage, which is tissue of the joint covering and cushioning the bottom part of normal joints and makes them to be movable by reducing friction in the joints as a “shock absorber.” Osteoarthritis is usually found in the weight-bearing parts such as hips, hands, knees,…
Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage hardens and loses its elasticity, making it vulnerable. When cartilage wears away, tendons and ligaments stretch, causing pain. If the condition worsens, the bones can rub together, causing pain and loss of movement even more.
Historically, cartilage lesions are to be a sign of arthritis. However, because of the avascular characteristic in cartilage, the structure of cartilage in the joint, including synovial fluid, bone and soft tissue can be considered as the main cause for the complicated mechanisms of chronic pain. The presence of local and arthritis cartilage and bone is altered in OA implicates a potential role for a series of intermediate molecules in the chronic pain of arthritis. Currently activating obviously is aware of the phenomenon of local pain in the most common arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Another important consideration is the experience of pain in OA is probably not much different from other chronic diseases associated with peripheral tissue damage and repair.
Chronic pain is not a problem you just put up with; in fact, you should deal with chronic pain in ways that are effective. The fact shows that there have been many therapy studies giving significant effects of having chronic pain. Chronic pain can also lead to psychological problems such as depression, chronic stress and effect on some certain areas in the brain. Social problems, such as isolation or reduce potential income; and functional problems, such as decreased activity or disability.
In general, people do better when they are actively dealing with chronic pain with their cause (s). You should treat the pain, as long as the treatments you use do not have side effects that outweigh the benefits. Current treatments for pain relief continue to be focused on the use of local agents including NSAIDs and capsaicin and system agents including NSAIDs and opiates. Practice relaxation techniques and stick with a plan of regular exercise can reduce pain in some ways similar to painkillers. Massage and some supplements may also offer similar benefits to deal with chronic pain, but this therapy has few studies document the benefits.
You should let your doctor know that the treatments you have tried previously to ease your chronic pain in osteoarthritis, and then work with him to find a combination of treatments for you.