Diagnosis and treatment of septic arthritis
Testing and diagnosis
The following tests often help to diagnose septic arthritis:
Analysis of joint fluid. To discover exactly what type of bacteria causing the infection, doctors often use a form of joint fluid (synovial fluid) through putting a needle into the space around the joint. The synovial fluid is often crystal and viscous. Bacterial infections can alter the color, volume of synovial fluid. Analysis of synovial fluid to identify the organisms causing the infection.
Blood tests. Your doctor may request a blood test to see if bacteria are present in the blood or not.
Check X-ray images and other imaging tests of the affected joint can also be assigned to assess the damage to the joints.
Treatments and drugs
Doctors rely on antibiotics and the effusion to treat septic arthritis.
Antibiotics: doctors must determine bacterial infection, and then choose the most effective antibiotics to target specific bacteria. Antibiotics are often used through a vein in the arm first. Then, in some cases, can be switched to oral antibiotics. Antibiotic treatment for how long depends on your health, bacteria type, are being infected and the infection level. Typically, treatment lasts about 2-6 weeks.
Antibiotics risk of side effects, including nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Allergic reactions can also occur. Talk to your doctor about the side effects that can adjust.
Draining the infected joint fluid serves three purposes: It removes bacteria from the joints, reduces the stress on joints, and provide samples for testing bacteria and other organisms. The most common methods of removing fluid are through Arthroscopy (AHR-THROS skuh-pee). Arthroscopy, a tube with a video camera at the top placed into the joint through a small incision. The straw is then inserted through small incisions around the infected joint to suck the synovial fluid.
The doctor may remove fluid from the joint with a needle (arthrocentesis). Arthrocentesis can be repeated, usually daily until no bacteria were found in the fluid. The hip joint is difficult to access, may require open surgery to drain the fluid. Repeat the surgery when necessary.
When the infection is controlled, the doctor may recommend gentle movements to keep the overall function. Motion can keep the joints and muscles become flexible and strong. The motion also promotes blood circulation that helps the healing process of the body faster.
Lifestyle and remedial measures
If you have been diagnosed with septic arthritis, self-care measures can help to feel better during treatment. Here are some suggestions:
Follow the instructions of the physician.
With your doctor’s permission, engage in low-impact activities.
Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) or aspirin to relieve joint pain. Rest the affected joint and apply warm compresses may help reduce pain and inflammation.
In this article, we gave you some information about diagnosis and treatment of septic arthritis that helps you are more understanding about the diagnosis, treatment and some notes to prepare spirit ready before taking the treatment. Hope you are pleased with them.