Arthritis can be defined as the inflammation causes pain and stiffness in the joints, including the two most popular categories: rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. This topic will be explored in more detail with osteoarthritis in hands.
- Deep knowledge of osteoarthritis
- Identify hand osteoarthritis
- Symptoms and Risk Factors
- Specialized diagnostics
- Treatments of osteoarthritis in hands
Deep knowledge of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, (or osteoarthritis), can affect the joints in the body, especially the hands and the joints that must bear the whole weight of the body like knee, hip or foot. Joint cartilage is made steady worsening and damaged with osteoarthritis. And only joint is affected in osteoarthritis. Except for aging, can be regarded as the beginning of osteoarthritis, there are some other factors that can participate, such as the general instability and lead to degeneration of bias; heavy use and traumatic injuries, irregularities lead to the general; some inherited genes that may predispose patients to develop osteoarthritis earlier.
Despite the fact that osteoarthritis is common in older people, children should still be concerned about the risk of bone injury or genetic or metabolic defects. Because of wear and tear osteoarthritis’s results, the older the patients are, the more risks of developing these diseases increase. Other risk factors include overweight and have a stressful job especially on the joints.
People with osteoarthritis often find some of the following symptoms: A grinding, grating sensation or a crunchy sound when moving joints; Less range of motion in the affected joint; Joint pain; stiffness; mucous cyst formation near the fingers (hand osteoarthritis); Horn.
Identify hand osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis the cartilage between your joints wears down, which means your bones rub together without a pillow. Inflammation, stiffness and pain are some common causes.
Osteoarthritis usually affects four key areas of your hand: wrist, thumb joint that joins the bottom and wrists, fingers (DIP joint) and middle finger joints of fingers (PIP joint)
There is often a deep pain with the arthritis in the base of thumb. You may have trouble holding or pinching with any kind of power, or open the lid or switch keys. If osteoarthritis affects your fingers, they can become stiff, sore and swollen, and you can grow and touch your finger joints. Your fingers can be slightly bent aside in the affected joint or you can develop painful cysts (fluid-filled lumps) on the back of your fingers. In some situations, the swelling is made develop, which can be painful and you may find it difficult to perform a number of tasks to use, such as text, opening jars or moving keys.
Symptoms and Risk Factors
Because Hand Osteoarthritis is a type of Osteoarthritis, it is also the result of inherited genes and aging. In addition, the risk of osteoarthritis of the hand can also increase depending on your profession and other activities such as those who work hard with their hands, in construction for example. The more your hands work hard, the more pressure on cartilage to support the joint.
The symptoms of hand arthritis vary from person to person according to specific joints that are affected:
- Pain and stiffness
Early symptoms of arthritis include joint pain hands can feel “boring”, or “burning” sensation. The pain usually occurs after a period of increased general use, such as severe respiratory or manual.
Activities once is easy, such as opening a bottle or start the car, become difficult because of the pain. To prevent pain in arthritic joints, you can change the way you use your hands.
Thumb-term distortions. When the joints affected are subject to greater stress it can withstand, it may swell in an effort to prevent the common use.
- Changes in the joints around
In patients with OA of the thumb advanced facility, the neighboring joints can become more mobile than normal.
- Crepitation and slack
There may be a mesh or grinding sensation in the affected joint (crepitation). This is caused by damaged cartilage surfaces rub together. If arthritis is caused by damaged ligaments, the support structure of the business may not be stable or “loose”. In severe cases, the joints may appear more than usual (hypertrophy). This is usually due to a combination of changes in bone, cartilage loss, and swelling.
After the joints of fingers are affected, the small cysts may develop. Then, cysts can cause ridging or indentations in the nail of the finger affected.
- Heberden’s Nodes
A stimulation of bone is a tough area of the bone that attaches itself to the letter. In people with arthritic hands, the spurs are called Heberden’s nodes. The buttons are round, hard, swollen areas that developed around DIP joints of the fingers. Heberden’s nodes are conditions frequently and often make your fingers look ugly. People who suffer from arthritis in the joints in the middle of the finger PIP can also develop bone buttons. In this central location, we are called Bouchard’s nodes.
To know exactly what happened to osteoarthritis of your hand, you should see a doctor and ask him for a diagnosis. To date, there are two methods to focus:
- Take X-rays, which can show changes in the bone or the growth of bone spurs. However, some research complex magnetic resonance image (MRI), are not required unless the Keinbock disease (a condition where the blood supply to one of the small bones in the wrist, crescent, interruption) is doubtful.
- Bone scan helps physicians diagnose arthritis when it is at an early stage, even if the X-rays look normal.
Treatments of osteoarthritis in hands
Arthritis does not have to lead to a life of pain or sedentary. In case you have hand osteoarthritis, it is important to seek help as soon as possible because the main goal of treatment of osteoarthritis involves reducing or eliminating pain and / or function and restore mobility.
For early osteoarthritis in the hands, some treatments may not be useful surgery, including medications, splints, injections, and surgery. The doctor will determine which method is used based on the progress of arthritis, number of joints involved, whether the hand dominant or non-dominant influence and personal goals with the support for treatment programs.
Drugs can give you some relief when hot, pain, arthritis flare up your hands but cannot restore cartilage or reverse joint damage. A stronger prescription is necessary for patients with severe osteoarthritis to gain the purpose of easing the pain. The most popular drug for arthritis is anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen and naproxen, which prevent the body from producing chemicals cause swelling and joint pain.
If first-line treats with appropriate anti-inflammatory drugs, injections can be used. They usually contain a long-term narcotics and steroids can provide pain relief for weeks to months. The number of injections must be limited following the instruction, because the overdose may lead to possible side effects, such as skin lightening, weakening of tendons and infection.
Injections are often combined with a brace of affected joints. Splinting helps support the affected joints to relieve the stress placed on it from the use and the regular operation. Splints usually take advantages for the vulnerable joints. You should remember that wearing a splint in a long period can help muscles assist in stabilizing the injured joint, therfore atrophy should be prevented.
- Doing exercises
Stiff, aching fingers can affect the way you use your hands, make your daily routine more difficult. People with arthritis in their hands may find many movements beneficial exercise. Range of motion refers to the pattern of movement in your joints. When you cannot move your fingers up to their maximum level, you have limited range of motion. Doing simple daily exercises helps maintain flexibility in your hand.
Knuckle bend: Bend your middle finger joints as if you are making one of your nails. Then, straighten your fingers again.
Fists: Forming a fist with your fingers and then spread your fingers. Work slowly to avoid pain.
Finger touch: Touch your thumb to each finger in turn.
Fingers walk: Walk your fingers up and down on a wall.
- Adjust lifestyle
Living with arthritis can be made easier with lifestyle adjustments. Hot and cold packs are a good home remedy measures for relief from pain and swelling. Wrist splints, thumb, or finger joints for added support you and can help you avoid flare. Talk to your doctor about the type of brace that will work best for this type of arthritis. Investments in kitchen tools and accessories inflammation friendly families are easier to use. The items have a grasp large buffer without requiring as much pinching and compression of the fingers.
All around healthy diet that contains an abundance of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats are recommended for patients with hand osteoarthritis. The fact is that if you are overweight, you put pressure on your joints, which can cause a lot of trouble and fats, sugar and salt should be used sparingly to prevent weight gain. Dark color fruits and vegetables contain elements that control inflammation in the body. For example: red or purple grapes, red onions, red apple, berries, broccoli, green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cherries, plums
When osteoarthritis of the hand does not respond to non-surgical treatment, it is time to consider surgical treatment is the last choice resort. People who suffer from arthritis in the joints such as the knee or larger may have a hip joint replacement, but this is not usually seen in smaller hand joints.
Doctors can give many surgical options to help their patients. The courses are surgical treatment options should be one that has a reasonable opportunity to provide long-term pain relief and return to function. Surgical treatment of hand osteoarthritis involves fusing the bones on either side of each other arthritic joints, or rebuild the joints.
- Fusing the incorporate parts pain but stops moving joints. It limited movement of joints, so they can not cause pain and other symptoms.
- The goal of joint replacement is to provide pain relief and functional restoration. The aim is to improve the function and longevity of the joint replacement. Most of the major joints of the hands and wrists can be replaced. Reuse of soft tissue from other parts of your body to replace worn cartilage.
After any kind of joint reconstructive surgery, you are recommended to be in a process of recovery. You may need to use several methods of non-surgical treatment to help heal your hand osteoarthritis.
Arthritis of the hand is a progressive disease, meaning that it starts descending and worsened as the years pass. Arthritis cannot be cured, but it can be managed.